Temple(Per-Ba) at Abu Simbel

It is believed that the axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, the god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. People gather at Abu Simbel to witness this remarkable sight, on October 21 and February 21.

On February 22, a day celebrating the king’s birthday and again on October 22, a day celebrating his coronation, sunlight illuminates seated statues of the sun gods Re-Horakhte and Amon-Re, as well as a statue of king Ramses II. The statues sit in the company of the Theban god of darkness, Ptah (who remains in the shadows all year).

Due to the displacement of the temple and/or the accumulated drift of the Tropic of Cancer during the past 3,280 years, it is widely believed that each of these two events has moved one day closer to the Solstice, so they would be occurring on October 22 and February 20 (60 days before and 60 days after the Solstice, respectively).1798645_1488186044779009_2978657593022614083_n 1896863_1488186854778928_6700190508191219296_n 1898138_1488185908112356_9000753663555566214_n 1979703_1488185741445706_5415794798433718616_n 10313566_1488185954779018_1996003414153963739_n 10517456_1488185638112383_6549031764140824408_n 10712935_1488185521445728_4640366531259751901_n